Beslenme ve Diyetetik

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    Prevalence of obesity in prepubertal and pubertal with Turkish population type 1 diabetes
    (SPRINGER JAPAN KK,, 2021) Ozkaya, Volkan ; Eren, Erdal ; Ozgen Ozkaya, Sebnem ; Denkboy Ongen, Yasemin ; Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi/ Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümü ; Şebnem Özgen Özkaya
    To determine the prevalence of prepubertal and pubertal obesity in children and adolescents with type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (Type 1 DM). One hundred fifty children and adolescents aged 6–18 years with Type 1 DM who attended the Pediatric Endocrinology Polyclinic and were diagnosed with type 1 DM were included in the study. Tanner staging was used to estimate pubertal status. Age- and gender-specific body mass index (BMI) percentile between 85 and 95% was accepted as overweight and  > 95% as obese. It was determined that the overweight prevalence rates in children and adolescents with type 1 DM were 13.3% and the obesity rate was 14.3%. It was found that while the overweight prevalence rates (14.1%) were higher in males, the obesity prevalence was higher in females (19.0%). The obesity prevalence rates at the prepubertal and pubertal stages were found to be 17.1% and 13.8%, respectively. The obesity prevalence at the pubertal stage was higher in girls (22.4%) than boys (3.9%) (p < 0.05). The rates both of overweight and obesity in boys decreased from prepubertal to pubertal periods, while those rates increased in girls. Our results indicated that the obesity prevalence in prepubertal and pubertal children and adolescents with type 1 DM was higher compared to healthy peers in the literature. The authors believe that the risk factors for obesity in this population should be determined and obesity-prevention programs for diabetes should be prepared.
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    The effects of maternal omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on breast milk fatty acid composition
    (İstanbul Medipol University, 2018) Ay, E. ; Büyükuslu, N. ; Batırel, S. ; İlktaç, H.Y. ; Garipağaoğlu, M. ; Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi ; Garipağaoğlu, M.
    Breast milk is the first source of omega-3 fatty acids (FA) for infants. We hypothesized that maternal omega-3 FAs supplementation affects the FA composition of breast milk. Thirtysix women received 950 mg omega-3 polyunsaturated (PUFA) supplementation per day for 9 months from 22-24 weeks of pregnancy until the 6 months of lactation and 26 women were enrolled as controls. Demographic data and nutritional status were taken by a questionnaire. Breast milk samples were collected at just after birth and 6 months of lactation. Fatty acids were analyzed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Data was assessed using SPSS 22.0 software. The supplementation increased the level of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) while decreased the level of saturated fatty acids (SFA) in breast milk. The ratio of omega-6/omega-3 FAs was also decreased in the supplemented mothers’ milk. In conclusion the maternal supplementation of omega-3 FAs improved the DHA and EPA levels.
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    Consumption and Preferences of Fruits and Vegetables in Turkish Adults
    ( 2020) Guldemir, Hilal Hizli and Yousefirad, Neda and Akman, Cansu and Sezer, Fatma Elif and Ilktac, Havvanur Yoldas and Garipagaoglu, Muazzez and Ersoy, Gulgun
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    Assessment of the Quality and Reliability of Information on Nutrition After Bariatric Surgery on YouTube
    ( 2020) Batar, N. and Kermen, S. and Sevdin, S. and Yıldız, N. and Güçlü, D.
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    The effects of dietary changes on bone markers in postmenopausal vertebral osteopenia
    ( 2020) Islamoglu, A.H. and Garipagaoglu, M. and Bicer, H.S. and Kurtulus, D. and Ozturk, M. and Gunes, F.E.